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Curriculum Rationale and Intent

Our knowledge and skills based curriculum is designed to provide high-quality learning experiences for all our pupils enabling them to grow together socially, emotionally and spiritually as individuals as well as one community. 

We create learners for life by ensuring our curriculum is relevant and purposeful, preparing our children for the next stages in their life and beyond. Our curriculum is highly aspirational and challenges all children to be the best they can be.

At Marlborough we recognise and celebrate the cultural diversity and life experiences of all our pupils. We use our local and wider community purposefully to further enrich the curriculum, equipping children with the necessary skills for life.

Our whole curriculum is bound together by both the school values and British Values on which we place so much emphasis, making us a positive, successful community of learners.

Learning Dispositions and Values

Our ethos and curriculum are underpinned by a set of positive, shared values which help us to work and learn together as a respectful and supportive community.  We learn the importance of friendship, honesty, respect and tolerance, and how to approach life and learning with determination.  This makes our school community happy and harmonious, a fun place where children feel safe and secure.  Our values are important to all children, staff, parents and governors.

We believe that a happy child is a successful one, therefore emotional wellbeing and mental health is at the heart of our aspirations. Our school is united by everyone’s dedication to maximising pupils’ personal development and wellbeing. All staff understand that emotional health is closely linked to mental health and that as a school we can encourage positive development of mental health in childhood. Consequently, mental health and wellbeing is embedded across the curriculum to allow us to develop mentally healthy and happy children who are ready to take on the challenges they may face in school and beyond.

At Marlborough Primary School we take pride in developing the best possible standards of learning, teaching and assessment by holding the highest expectations and knowing all our children well. We challenge all children to strive for academic, creative, sporting and personal accomplishment within a wide-ranging, engaging, relational and enriched curriculum.

Our children are given time to explore subjects and develop deep understanding. We encourage children to take ownership of and responsibility for their learning, so they have the confidence and curiosity to ask questions, solve problems and reflect and respond to high quality written and verbal feedback. Children are praised for their ability to collaborate, their perseverance and self-belief and positive attitudes towards their learning.

We pride ourselves on being an inclusive school where everyone can achieve success and develop their skills of independence, whatever their background.  We promote an ethos of respect and empathy, where diversity is valued and celebrated – both within school and the wider world.

Safeguarding and welfare is crucial and intrinsic in all we do.  Children are taught the virtues of respectfriendshiptolerancehonesty and determination.  Special care is taken to educate everyone in Marlborough Primary School about the needs of others and how best to meet them. We promote open and honest communication with parents, carers and specialists and actively seek to engage with all members of the Marlborough community in a positive and supportive manner.



We focus on the importance of English in the curriculum and in our daily lives. We view effective communication as key to the development of all learners. The full range of English skills (Reading, Writing and Spoken Language) are crucial in the acquisition of knowledge in other areas of the curriculum. 

In the Early Years and Key Stage 1 we feel it is appropriate that teaching focusses on ensuring children are able to read and develop their early writing skills through the use of systematic synthetic phonics programmes.  We use Bug Club to deliver Phonics and VIPERS to deliver reading.

In Key Stage 2 we use The Power of Reading programme to focus on high quality, challenging texts that are engaging and easily accessible to all children. Children have the chance to engage with a variety of texts such as novels, poetry, picture books, narrative poems and classic stories. They are given opportunities to engage with the text through discussion, drama, and debates.   Reading is promoted daily in English lessons and reading sessions where the vital comprehension skills of retrieval, inference and author's use of language are taught effectively so that children are readily prepared for Secondary School. 

We understand the importance of using and applying our written skills in other areas of the curriculum. We plan opportunities for children to use what they have learnt in English when writing in other subjects. This allows them to develop their fluency in spelling, punctuation and grammar. 


Similarly, maths is a key skill and therefore we focus on systematically developing children's mathematical knowledge, ideas and operations.  We use the overviews provided by the White Rose Maths Hub to support the teaching and learning of the National Curriculum objectives for Maths which help teachers plan stimulating and challenging lessons.

The overviews for each year group are broken down into fluency, reasoning and problem solving, which are the key aims of the curriculum, and provide examples of key questions and activities. These overviews lead to a mastery approach to teaching and learning.  

The Maths curriculum is planned to be challenging and meet the needs of all pupils and as a consequence pupils are supported to apply their mathematical skills to a variety of different problems.  Pupils are given opportunities to engage in ‘real life’ maths problems that provide a stimulating challenge for all abilities


Our science teaching and learning enables children to develop an understanding and knowledge of the world along with developing their scientific enquiry skills. Each year group's curriculum ensures that knowledge is based across the disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.  Planning has a strong focus on investigating and exploring to seek answers. 

We also offer a weekly Science club to allow for these opportunities to be provided outside curriculum time. 


The curriculum includes: Time Travelers, Our World, Pre historic Ages, Egyptians, Ancient Greeks, Vikings and Anglo Saxons, The Battle of Britain, British History from the 1930s as well as local History. Each area of study in history is strongly supported by educational visits and in-school workshops.  In October, there is a whole school focus on Black History Month with a number of assemblies, workshops and sessions which enable the children to celebrate BME contributions to British society. 


The curriculum provides a purposeful means for exploring, appreciating and understanding the world in which we live and inspires in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world, people and geographical issues.  We stimulate independent enquiry and investigation to grow the pupils' knowledge of both their locality and the wider world. We plan a range of carefully selected first-hand experiences and the use of secondary sources which includes outdoor learning.  


We equip our children with the fundamental computing skills to make them safe, confident and competent users of technology of the future.  Children are taught to understand how digital systems work in core coding units, as well as expressing themselves in a range of multi-media. Our social media presence is used by staff members to celebrate the wide variety of learning experience taking place at Marlborough School each day, keeping parents updated on the lives of their children at school.  This is underpinned by a strong e-safety foundation in which all members of our school community are made aware of the importance of using technology in a safe and responsibility manner.


Our pupils are presented with opportunities to express and develop creatively through investigating and exploring skills using a wide range of materials from drawing, painting, printing, textiles, 3D work, collage and cooking. We encourage our pupils to dive into challenges and take risks and to be proud of what they have created and the new skills set they have gained. 


We encourage children to develop a love of music and musical skills, increasing their self-confidence, creativity and sense of achievement.  Music is taught in every year group from Nursery to Year 6, by our music specialist, where we teach the related skills of playing a variety of instruments, singing, listening, improvising, reading and composing music. Early Years through to Year 6 pupils enjoy weekly singing assemblies where they sing both modern and traditional songs and are exposed to music that reflects the cultures within the school and the wider community.  Children are given further opportunities to perform their music in class assemblies, choir performances, termly showcases, borough events and school productions. 

We have a strong partnership with Harrow Music Service who provide additional opportunities to learn: Guitar, Steel pans, Violin, Recorders and Keyboard.  We also offer a weekly music club to allow for these opportunities to be provided outside curriculum time. 


The Religious Education curriculum provides children with the means to reflect on important questions about the purpose of life such as identity, belonging, and the difference between right and wrong. Children develop their knowledge, understanding and awareness of a range of world faiths through engaging and thought provoking lessons, trips, workshops and guest speaking events.  

As a UN Rights Respecting school we foster a learning environment that promotes religious tolerance and respect and  celebrate the religious diversity of the children and adults that make up our school community.  


We have committed to providing a wide and balanced PE and sports curriculum which is delivered by staff and qualified coaches.  Pupils are stimulated within gymnastics, swimming and a range of different sport. Extra curricular activites are provided during lunchtimes and after school, with a broad range of physical activities and 'Change 4 Life Club' where healthy lifestyles are promoted.

Participating in sports competitions and tournaments is a vital part of our school’s vision so that talented children develop their potential.


All children from Year 3 to Year 6  have a Spanish lessons, practising their language skills through fun activities.  Lessons lay the foundations for further foreign language learning at Key Stage 3 and beyond.  At the end of primary education our children will be able to understand and communicate simple ideas in speech and writing, using familiar language and their knowledge of phonology, grammatical structures and vocabulary.  In the summer term, children in Year 6 have the option to participate in a residential trip to a region of Spain where they can apply the skills they have gained and visit peers within a Spanish primary school.  


PSHE enables our children to become healthy, independent and responsible members of society that consciously aim to become productive members of their community. It aims to help them understand how they are developing personally and socially and tackles many of the moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up. We provide our children with opportunities for them to learn about rights and responsibilities and appreciate what it means to be a member of a diverse society. Our children are encouraged to develop their sense of self-worth by playing a positive role in contributing to school life and the wider community.


Our curriculum is based on the supplementary guidance provided by the PSHE Association and will be updated in September 2020 in line with guidance from the Department for Education.


Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

At Marlborough Primary School, we recognise that every child is unique. We understand that children develop in individual ways and at varying rates. We aspire for our children to be independent and self-motivated learners, encouraging the children to adapt their work, think critically and take risks with their learning.

Early Years education is the foundation upon which children build the rest of their lives. It is a crucial stage of life in terms of children's physical, intellectual, emotional and social development and well-being. At Marlborough, our aim is to make every child’s first experience of school a positive one and as happy, fun and enjoyable as possible. To do this we feel it is vitally important to build close relationships with parents and carers so that everyone works together for the good of the child.

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) classes are made up of the nursery and reception classes. Here is the EYFS document, which is available at:

This document defines what we teach and details the specifics of our setting and school. The EYFS framework includes seven areas of learning and development, all of which are important and included in the curriculum taught.

There are three prime areas, which are seen to underpin all of the basics and support the other more specific areas of the curriculum.

The three prime areas are:

  • Communication and Language – children will be given lots of opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; to speak and listen in a range of situations.
  •  Physical Development – children will be provided with opportunities to be active and interactive; to develop their co-ordination, control and movement. Children will be taught the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.
  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development – help children develop a positive sense of themselves and others; forming positive relationships and develop respect for others; develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and have confidence in their own abilities.

There are also four specific areas of Learning and Development, through which the three prime areas are strengthened and applied:

  • Literacy – children will be taught to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children will be given access to a wide range of reading materials to ignite their interest.
  • Mathematics – children will be provided with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces and measures.
  • Understanding the World – Children will make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
  • Expressive Arts and Design – Children will explore and play with a range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.



All children in Years 2 and 6 have now completed the statutory End of Key Stage Assessments. The results of these will be sent home with the end of term reports in July. Please see the links below from the government, providing additional information on the assessments for parents.

Key Stage 1

Key Stage 2


Click the link below to see a detailed description of this years school trips and the rationale behind them.